Wednesday, August 29, 2018
“But why did the nuncio not insist, if he was so sure of the abuses committed against seminarians and priests (always of legal age).”—Andrea Tornielli, an Italian Vaticanist who heads the website “Vatican Insider” (which was named in a certain way in imitation of my own “Inside the Vatican” magazine, but which is totally separate and distinct), writing today in criticism of Archbishop Vigano’s “Testimony.” Tornielli is very close to Pope Francis, is able to speak with him regularly, and is very supportive of him. But his text below is actually damning… because he repeatedly (and astonishingly) suggests that the victims of Cardinal McCarricks’s molestations were “always of legal age,” suggesting that the matter therefore was not all that serious…. (see below)
Day 5, August 29, 2018
Three main themes:
(1) The Background of Vigano’s Letter: new additions to the cast — Tosatti, Badilla, Warsaw, Busch…
(2) Defending Francis: What arguments are being used to defend Francis against Vigano’s charges? The case of Tornielli
(3) Legal Consequences: The Sovereignty of the Holy See in light of this case
It is the 5th day since Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano published, on August 25 (Saturday), his now-famous 11-page “Testimony” denouncing lack of action on clerical sexual abuse from the highest spheres of the Vatican, including Pope Francis himself, and calling on Francis to resign his office.
Three chief themes seem to have emerged as key.
(1) The background of Vigano’s letter
On this point, there have been a series of interesting reports about how Vigano prepared and published his letter.
These reports have expanded the already large cast of characters involved in this story to include names like Marco Tosatti, Luis Badilla, Michael Warsaw and Timothy Busch…
Marco Tosatti, an Italian Vaticanist and colleague for the past 30 years, met with Vigano just before he published his “Testimony” and helped him, over three hours, to make final edits. So we now know that Vigano wrote his text himself, then, with Tosatti, revised it, probably cutting some sentences, rewriting others, and so forth. This means that the original text of the “Testimony” may have been a bit different from what has been published.
Luis Badilla, also a Vaticanist colleague, is from Chile, and the editor of an important website called Il Sismografo, which published 50 or 75 articles every day about the Church and the Vatican in many languages — it is an “aggregator” web site. But Badilla sometimes writes his own pieces, and today he has written a passionate piece fiercely attacking Tosatti for assisting Vigano to prepare a text which he sees as emotional, unbalanced, unfair, and dangerous for Pope Francis and the Church. So emotions are beginning to run high…
Michael Warsaw heads the board of directors of the American Catholic media powerhouse EWTN (Eternal Word Television Netword, founded by the late Mother Angelica) which now includes a news agency, Catholic News Agency, and a weekly paper, The National Catholic Register, which employs British journalist Edward Pentin, one of the early recipients of the text from Vigano, and one of the most active Vaticanists on the “conservative” side in recent years.
Timothy Busch is an important, wealthy American Catholic conservative. He came from a poor background, but has done well as a lawyer and businessman. He is the leader of the Napa Valley Institute in California, which holds annual retreats for American Catholic conservatives, and has been for almost 30 years one of the leaders of the Papal Foundation, a group of wealthy Catholic who have offered millions of dollars of support to the three Popes of the past 25 years (John Paul II, Benedict, Francis). Naturally, this Papal Foundation group has from the beginning had close connections with whomever was… the Vatican nuncio in the US! And so, in recent years, also with Archbishop Vigano. The Papal Foundation was founded in the 1980s with major input from… a then-young Bishop Theodore McCarrick — the man at the center of this entire controversy. (It is significant, and worth noting, that McCarrick over his career went on many missions around the world, not simply on behalf of the Church, but also, in some way, as a representative of the US government. This makes him an interesting figure. In fact, McCarrick was an advisor to the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima, and it was McCarrick who brought the famous “Protection of Russia,” the holy icon of Our Lady of Kazan, from Fatima to Rome, to the apartment of Pope John Paul II, in l992 or early 1993, just after the fall of the Soviet Union, when John Paul felt the time had become propitious for returning the icon to Russia and for reaching out to the Russians to reunite the global Christian Church, in keeping with the message of Fatima, that “Russia will be converted… and a period of peace will be granted to the world.” Along these lines, it seems sensible still now to speak to McCarrick himself about these events.) Busch has made a large gift of several million dollars to the Catholic University of America for a new Business School. And it has now been made public that two weeks ago, Busch saw a text of Vigano’s “Testimony,” and was assured that Pope Benedict had validated the key point, that Benedict had asked McCarrick to live a life of reclusion and prayer and cease his traveling in “either 2009 or 2010.” And this point has now beome hotly debated — is it really the case that Benedict did that, or not? (see articles below)
(2) Defending Francis: How can Francis be defended against Vigano’s Charges
A vast number of articles have appeared in the past day or two arguing that Vigano’s letter is fatally flawed because it contains no actual documents. Vigano claims he spoke with Pope Francis and told him about the history of then-Cardinal McCarrick’s sexaul activities, but there is no documentary proof of that, is one argument. And so forth and so on.
Among the articles worth reviewing in this regard is by Andrea Tornielli (included below).
The piece is, in the end, shocking. Shocking because Tornielli repeatedly makes the argument that McCarrick was accused of abusing or molesting or propositioning seminarians who were “not under age 18.”
He writes this as if it is a compelling argument explaining why Pope Francis does not have much culpability in the McCarrick matter.
In a sense, Tornielli seems to admit that it may have been theoretically possible that Francis was told something negative about McCarrick (perhaps even by Vigano, as Vigano maintain), for example, say, “there are reports that McCarrick has molested many over-18-year-old seminarians,” and yet that Francis is not to blame for not having done anything further about the matter because the seminarians were “not under age 18.”
Folks, here we are… This is the Vatican and the Catholic Church in 2018.
I’ll put it this way: If this is the argument in defense of Francis, then there does not need to be any further attack against him.
This defense would by itself close the case, from the perspective of all Catholic tradition.
In any case, the production of articles about “what Francis knew and when,” and whether Vigano is lying or exaggerating or not, continue to pour out.
(3) Legal implications
The legal implications are an interesting and little-noted point.
It appears that there is a possibility that Vigano’s allegations have opened up a potential breach in an up-to-now previously unbreachable wall of sovereign immunity protecting the Vatican with regard to sexual abuse claims against the Catholic Church and her priests arising in the United States, and in other countries around the world.
From a “worldly” perspective, this may be the most important consequence of all.
It it were shown that a chain of administrative oversight (or lack of oversight) extended from the local parish all the way to the Holy See, it might — this is speculative, of course — open up the Holy See itself, or its officials, to lawsuits which have previously been ruled “un-servable” because of the Vatican City State’s universally accepted status as a diplomatically and legally immune sovereign state.
This “piercing of the legal veil of sovereignty” has been sought by lawyer’s for sexual abuse victims for decades — without success.
It has been the task of the Vatican’s legal advisors, led with great skill and careful legal argumentation in recent years by an American named Jeffrey Lena, to see that the veil is not pierced.
Because the “piercing of the veil” would bring into play two very worrisome scenarios:
(a) on the financial side, the wealth of the Vatican itself (the true extent of which is still, arguably, not fully known by the public) might be at risk in settlements of abuse cases; previously that wealth has been fully protected by the Vatican’s sovereignty, and the settlements only involved the wealth of a parish or diocese in the United States, corporate bodies which sometimes went bankrupt; and
(b) on the administrative side, it might open the door to a certain limitation of the Vatican’s legal sovereignty, which would, over time, risk threatening the most-prized possession of the Church, its freedom (“libertas ecclesiae,” the freedom of the Church).
And so what is at stake in the Vigano letter and Pope Francis’ response to it may be even greater than most people have suspected up until now.
But from the spiritual perspective, of course, the great issue here is the salvation of souls, or the loss of souls, due to apoastay from the truths of the faith, and to mismanagement due to many oversights in an age where the Church’s leadership is passing through a severe crisis, which Pope Francis himself, like his immediate predecessors, has often lamented.
The last two articles below address these legal issues.
(1) Torniell: “Above age 18”
Facts and omissions of Viganò’s testimony against Francis (link)
A lucid reading of the former nuncio’s statement requesting the Pontiff’s resignation and its contradictory conclusions
By ANDREA TORNIELLI
“I believe that the Viganò press release speaks for itself, and you have the professional maturity to draw conclusions.”
With these words, addressed to journalists on the return flight from Dublin, Francis invited them to read the 11-page dossier dropped by the former nuncio to the United States, Carlo Maria Viganò, who asked for the Pope’s resignation, accusing him of having covered up the 83-year-old Cardinal Emeritus of Washington Theodore McCarrick, who had had homosexual relations with adult seminarians and priests.
It is therefore necessary to start from a careful reading of the text, analyze it and separate the facts reported from opinions and interpretations. And above all from omissions.
The anti-Bergoglio operation
The clamorous decision of the Vatican diplomat to violate the oath of fidelity to the Pope and the official secret represents yet another attack against Francis carried out in an organized way by the same circles that a year ago tried to arrive at a sort of doctrinal impeachment, after the publication of the exhortation Amoris laetitia.
Viganò is in fact one of the signatories of the so-called “Professione” in which Pope Bergoglio is defined as divorce-friendly, and well-connected to the most conservative circles overseas and in the Vatican.
That it is not simply the outburst of a Church man tired of the rotten things he has seen around him, but of a long and carefully planned operation, in an attempt to get the Pope to resign, is demonstrated by the timing and the involvement of the same international media network that for years has been propagating — often using anonymous ones — the requests of those who would like to overturn the result of the 2013 conclave.
This is attested by the same testimonies written in the various blogs by the journalists who published the Viganò dossier: always in the forefront in the defense of the traditional family, but willing to drop the bombshell on the very day in which Francis concluded with a great Mass the international meeting of families.
The complaint of 2000
First of all, assuming that what Viganò said is true, let’s go through the Facts.
On 22 November 2000, the Dominican friar Boniface Ramsey wrote to the apostolic nuncio to the USA Gabriel Montalvo and informed him that he had heard rumors over McCarrick having “shared the bed with seminarians.”
A day earlier, on 21 November, John Paul II had appointed McCarrick Archbishop of Washington.
Viganò noted that the nuncio’s report to the Secretariat of State, then led by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, had no follow-up.
It should be noted: the first complaint that arrives in the nunciature and from there to the Vatican is immediately after the appointment in Washington.
One may, however, wonder, if these rumors about McCarrick were so widespread and insistent, why wasn’t he prevented from being appointed as auxiliary of New York (in 1977, at the end of the pontificate of Paul VI), then the appointment as bishop of Metuchen (in 1981, at the beginning of the pontificate of John Paul II), then the transfer to the Archdiocese of Newark (in 1986, again with Pope Wojtyla) and finally the promotion to Washington (2000) and to that of becoming Cardinal (2001).
It’s all Sodano’s fault
The year following his promotion to Washington, Wojtyla therefore included McCarrick in the College of Cardinals.
In his dossier Viganò blames the nomination — without any evidence – on Sodano explaining that the Pope at the time was already sick and almost incapable of understanding and governing the Church.
Anyone who has knowledge of Vatican things knows that this is not true, at least it was not true in the year 2000: John Paul II will live for another five years.
We know that at that time, in the narrow Wojtylian entourage that controlled the nominations, there were the Pope special secretary, Stanislaw Dziwisz (a name that Viganò omitted) and the Substitute of the Secretariat of State then Prefect of the bishops, Giovanni Battista Re (whom Viganò mentions for clearing his name). Was that first report, without complainants taking responsibility themselves, perhaps not reliable?
Or was McCarrick’s power — also financial — able to open Vatican doors that should have remained closed?
A doubt can be raised about the appointment to Washington, but why no one think to investigate before he was created cardinal the following year?
But why did the nuncio not insist, if he was so sure of the abuses committed against seminarians and priests (always of legal age) [#1 — Note: this is the first time Tornielli says the abuse vicitms were of “legal age,” that is, above 18; emphasis mine] asking John Paul II for an audience?
Benedict XVI’s sanctions
New complaints arrived in 2006, when the Pope was Benedict, and the Secretary of State was Tarcisio Bertone.
This time a former priest and abuser of children Gregory Littleton enters the scene, who gives the nuncio to the USA (at that moment Monsignor Pietro Sambi) a memory in which he tells that he too was sexually harassed by McCarrick (always as over-18) [#2 — Note: this is the second time Tornielli says the abuse vicitms were of “legal age,” that is, above 18; emphasis mine]
Viganò prepared a note for the superiors, who did not respond.
It is worth remembering that at that moment McCarrick had already retired: the new Pope Benedict XVI on 16 May 2006 accepted his resignation duly presented the previous year, 7 July 2005, when the prelate turned 75.
If the rumors and complaints were so widespread and known, why wasn’t McCarrick dismissed immediately, at the age of 75?
In 2008, new accusations on McCarrick’s improper behavior started circulating and again, Viganò writes, he had sent another note to his superiors.
This time something seems to have moved, though at the not-so-rapid times of the Vatican bureaucracy.
In fact Benedict XVI would have intervened against the cardinal by now emeritus and retired with a sanctioning order.
Viganò cannot be precise about the date of this sanction: at that time, he had left his post in the Secretariat of State, where he coordinated the work of the nunciatures staff, and was appointed Secretary of the Governorate.
Therefore, if Viganò affirms the truth — and we must assume that he does — “in 2009 or in 2010”, Benedict XVI intervenes and presumably orders McCarrick to retreat from public life to a life of prayer and no longer to live in the neocatechumenal seminary Redemptoris Mater that he opened in Washington.
Benedict’s order does not become public and is transmitted orally by the Holy See to the nuncio in Washington (Sambi) so that he may communicate it to the person concerned.
Indulgence for a cardinal by now old and retired to whom one wants to spare the shame of the public sanction?
Or was the evidence not considered sufficient by Benedict XVI, who, if he is at the origin of the sanction, must obviously have been adequately warned of what McCarrick had committed?
Pope Ratzinger therefore knew but thought it was sufficient to recommend to the already retired cardinal that he remain calm on the sidelines.
It is worth remembering: no one has ever spoken, let alone denounced, about child abuse. [#3 — Note: this is the 3rd time Tornielli says the abuse victims were of “legal age,” that is, above 18; emphasis mine]
We are talking about harassment of people of full age [#4 — Note: this is the 4th time Tornielli says the abuse victims were of “legal age,” that is, above 18; emphasis mine; note that in the next phrase he seems to acknowledge that any abuse of a young person dependent on an older person is thoroughly reprehensible], which — given that it is the bishop who invites his seminarians or priests to bed — are actually an abuse. [#5 — Note: this is the 5th reference to the abuse victims; and the first time he says that though they were of “legal age,” that is, above 18, it really is abuse; emphasis mine]
There is no such thing as a situation of equality, before it being a sexual abuse, it is an abuse of clerical power.
Although no one has ever said that to invite seminarians close to the priesthood and young priests to sleep with him, “Uncle Tedˮ (as McCarrick called himself) used forms of violence or threats. [#6 — Note: this is the 6th reference to the abuse vicitms, and again Tornielli tries to excuse it on a technicality — “no one has ever said ‘Uncle Ted’ used forms of violence or threats”(?!?!?!); emphasis mine]
We could ask: but if these serious facts were so evident, why not impose an exemplary and public sanction on the cardinal, asking him to live withdrawn in penance?
Why is nobody watching?
Some doubt about the real content of the sanctions is more than legitimate, especially in the light of what happens after that.
The Viganò dossier suggests that in the last three or four years of Ratzinger’s pontificate McCarrick lived as a hermit or a cloistered monk and that only after the election of Francis was his cage opened.
Once again, we must stick to the documented facts, and that is not the case at all.
The reality is different, documented and documentable.
At everyone’s fingertips, just a click on the web away.
During Ratzinger’s last years of pontificate, McCarrick’s did not change his way of life: it is true that he left the seminary where he resided, but he celebrated diaconal and priestly ordinations alongside important cardinals of the Roman Curia close collaborators of Pope Ratzinger, he gave lectures.
On 16 January 2012, he participated together with other US bishops in an audience with Benedict XVI in the Vatican and his name among the participants was indicated in the bulletin of the Holy See’s Press Office.
On 16 April 2012, he met Benedict again at the audience of the Papal Foundation and celebrated the Pontiff’s birthday together with all those present. He traveled and returned to Rome in February 2013 to bid farewell to the Pope who had resigned and shook his hand with a smile (all immortalized by the cameras of Vatican TV).
It is clear that his position was not considered so serious, that the indications of guilt were not considered so obvious and that the sanctions should not be so restrictive.
Also Viganò stood beside McCarrick
And even Viganò himself, in the meantime removed from the Vatican by decision of Benedict XVI who “promotes him nuncio to Washington, does not appear at all worried about the situation.
His participation in public events with the harassing cardinal is documented, such as concelebrations in the United States or the attribution of an award to McCarrick (on 2 May 2012, Pierre Hotel in Manhattan), a ceremony during which Viganò appears anything but indignant or embarrassed to be photographed alongside the old cardinal harasser.
Why, now that he had the power to reach Benedict XVI directly as his representative in one of the most important diplomatic seats in the world, does Nuncio Viganò not rise up, not act, not ask for an audience, not enforce the restrictive provisions?
The current Pope, the only real target of the entire operation, enters the scene in June 2013, a few months after his election.
Let’s remember: McCarrick, over eighty, did not take part in the conclave, is a retired but hyperactive cardinal.
He continues to travel around the world, to give lectures, to preside over celebrations.
Viganò goes to an audience with Francis.
It was the Pope who asked him a question about McCarrick and Viganò reminded him that the cardinal “corrupted generations of seminarians and priests” and that in the Vatican there is a dossier that attests to this.
Note: it is not Viganò who speaks in a worried way of the cardinal, it is the Pope who asks for a judgment.
The nuncio does not say that he has given Bergoglio a note on the matter nor that he has asked him to intervene.
Today, outraged, Viganò writes about the sanctions of Benedict XVI that no one knows, but — if they exist — he as nuncio does not seem to have acted to enforce such measures. That answer is all he says to the Pope.
Viganò then writes that the old cardinal became, in the early years of Francis’ pontificate, his counselor, especially for American appointments.
He does not present, at least until this moment, any evidence. Instead he argues — and here too there is no reason not to believe him — that in that first meeting of June 2013 the new Pope recommended that “the bishops in the United States must not be ideologized, they must be pastors.”
Since in the following months McCarrick also made a similar statement speaking with a monsignor of the nunciature (who then reported it to Viganò), the former nuncio who has asked for the Pope’s resignation deduced that there was McCarrick behind Bergoglio’s attitude towards the US Church.
A very weak deduction. It is in fact much simpler and more plausible to hypothesize that on his own initiative Francis — who knew the American Church — had repeated to various people that he met that phrase about the bishops, that “they must not be ideologized” but must be “pastors.”
Moreover, to understand that this is one of the insistent points of his magisterium on the episcopate, it is sufficient to read the Pope’s speeches, who thought that way well before the 2013 conclave.
The denial of the former ambassador
An interesting confutation of Viganò’s theory came yesterday from the former American ambassador to the Holy See, Miguel Diaz, nominated in May 2009, who said he was stunned to read Viganò’s testimony on Francis’ words on American bishops because “I immediately recalled my fist meeting with Msgr. Sambi (Pope Benedict’s representative) at his residency in Washington DC “ he said that “we needed American bishops who were less political and more pastoral, not cultural war warriors.”
Therefore, already under Pope Ratzinger the indication that arrived at the apostolic nuncio to the USA was that of appointing bishop pastors and not “cultural warriors.”
Evidently the question of the excessive collateralism of the US episcopate with certain political positions and a certain unilateral interest only in some ethical questions was already felt as problematic at the end of Ratzinger’s pontificate.
The new complaint
Four and a half years go by and in 2018, for the first time, the news of an abuse on a minor committed 50 years earlier by McCarrick, then a young priest, reaches the Vatican. [#7 — Note: this is the 7th time Tornielli speaks of the abuse victims, and this case is now regarded as serious because for the first time the victim was not of “legal age,” that is, was not above 18; emphasis mine]
The complaint had never been made before, nor had anyone — according to Viganò’s report — ever talked before about the possible abuse of minors involving McCarrick. [#8 — Note: this is the 8th time Tornielli speaks of the abuse victims but he says “the complaint had never been made before” because the previous victims (note, young seminarians) were not of “legal age,” that is, above 18; emphasis mine]
A regular canonical procedure was quickly opened by the diocese of New York, with the transmission of the documents to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
There are also new reports, made known by the diocese of Newark, concerning two settlements with compensation for damages that McCarrick has paid, relating to allegations of harassment made by seminarians of age at the time of the events. [#9 — Note: this is the 9th time Tornielli speaks of the abuse victims, and once again he notes that these victims were “of age at the time of the events,” that is, not under age 18; emphasis mine]
With a decision that has no precedent in the recent history of the Church, Francis not only imposes on McCarrick silence and a withdrawn life (a silence and a withdrawn life that had not been imposed on him before or, if it had been imposed on him, no one had ensured that he complied with this order) but also removes his cardinal cap. The cardinal emeritus of Washington is no longer cardinal.
Distorted facts and logic
Not only should we ask ourselves if what Viganò tells is true (as the media repeat like a mantra, asking in a loud voice for Francis’ resignation).
One should also wonder whether the sequence described by Viganò, his considerations, his omissions, his interpretations are reasonable and really lead to attributing some responsibility to the reigning Pontiff today.
In any case, the pure and crude facts, and assuming that every detail told by the former nuncio is true, here is what happened.
There is a holy Pope whose entourage (much less holy) promoted and made cardinal a homosexual bishop who abused his power to sleep with seminarians, even if it is not clear how much information had reached the ear of John Paul II directly, then perfectly capable of understanding and willing, to whom certainly could not pass unnoticed the importance of the appointment of the Archbishop of Washington. [#9 — Note: this is the 10th time Tornielli speaks of abuse victims, but stresses that they were “seminarians” with the suggestion that they were of “legal age,” that is, above 18; here he casts a certain blame on Pope John Paul II; emphasis mine]
There is another Pope who has emerged today, Benedict, who (perhaps) ordered this cardinal to live a withdrawn life but without then being able to enforce his order, who never flinched not even after seeing him arrive at the Vatican on several occasions, and whose nuncio to the USA (Viganò) never any problem in taking pictures next to him, in concelebrating with him, in having dinner with him, in pronouncing speeches in his presence. [#10 — here he casts a certain blame on Benedict, depicted as weak and “without being able to enforce his orders”; emphasis mine]
And finally, there is a Pope, Francis, who stripped the cardinal — despite being old and retired for some time — from his cardinal referred the matter to him after having reduced him to silence, forbidding him from celebrating in public. [#11 — here he praises Francis for his action this summer, reducing McCarrick to silence — five years after Vigano referred the matter to him]
And yet it is the latter’s head that the former nuncio, now indignant, is today asking for, probably only because Francis “dared” to appoint in the United States some bishops who are less conservative than those previously appointed, when it was cardinals like Bernard Law who advised on the American appointments.
That it is a biased operation, it is evident to anyone who reflects on the succession of events, without the need to revisit information that tends to discredit the figure of Viganò.
So that is Tornielli’s defense of Francis…
No further comment…
(I will break here; I will continue this report as Letter #43 soon…)
Note to Readers
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