On the Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, 44 archbishops received the wool pallium from Pope Benedict during a ceremony at St. Peter’s Basilica

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Bronse Statue of St. Peter

The bronze statue of St. Peter is clothed with an amice, alb, tiara, stole, red cape and a ring. (Grzegorz Galazka photo)

A moment of the Mass in which the Pope gave 44 archbishops woolen palliums on June 29. Photo by Grzegorz Galazka

A moment of the Mass in which the Pope gave 44 archbishops woolen palliums on June 29. Photo by Grzegorz Galazka

After placing woolen bands around the shoulders of 44 new archbishops as they knelt before him on June 29 in Rome, Pope Benedict XVI told them it was a reminder of their ties to heaven and earth and of their loyalty to Christ and to the successor of Peter.

“You have been constituted in and for the great mystery of communion that is the Church, the spiritual edifice built upon Christ as the cornerstone, while in its earthly and historical dimension, it is built on the rock of Peter,” the Pope said during his homily for the June 29 Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul. However, he added, the “Church is not a community of the perfect, but a community of sinners, obliged to recognize their need for God’s love, their need to be purified through the cross of Jesus Christ.”

Before celebrating Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica, Pope Benedict gave the archbishops from 23 countries the woolen pallium as a sign of their sharing with him authority over the faithful in their archdioceses.

The pallium is presented every year to new archbishops or those who have been assigned to a new archdiocese.

The archbishops included Archbishops Charles J. Chaput of Philadelphia; William E. Lori of Baltimore; Samuel J. Aquila of Denver; and William C. Skurla, who leads the Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh.

Among the others were four prelates from Canada, including Archbishop Christian Lepine of Montreal, and two from Australia, including Archbishop Mark Coleridge of Brisbane.

The Tradition of the Pallium

Two new archbishops were unable to attend the ceremony and received their palliums at home, making the final count 46 new archbishops from 24 countries, including South Korea, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

woolen palliums carried during Mass

Here, woolen palliums carried during Mass celebrated by Benedict XVI in St. Peter’s Basilica on June 29. (Grzegorz Galazka photo)

The ceremony in St. Peter’s Basilica began with a fanfare of trumpets and Tu es Petrus (“You are Peter”) sung by the Sistine Chapel Choir and the world-renowned Westminster Abbey Choir of Great Britain. The Pope invited the Anglican choir to sing with the papal choir, bringing two distinctive choral styles together at an event reaffirming papal authority and Catholic bishops’ unity with him.

Anglican Father John Hall, the dean of Westminster, said he hoped the historic visit would help the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion progress along the “long and tortuous path toward full and visible unity.”

Also present at the Mass was a delegation sent by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople.

The pallium ceremony saw a small but significant change this year: it came before the start of Mass, instead of in the middle, to avoid interrupting the flow of the Mass or to seem to suggest that the bestowal of the pallium has the status of a sacrament.

In his homily, the Pope said Sts. Peter and Paul represent a “new brotherhood” in which differences can be harmonized in unity with love for Christ. That unity extends not just among Catholics, but all believers in Christ as they pursue full communion, he said.

Archbishop Samuel J. Aquila of Denver during a Mass in St. Peter's Basilica

Pope Benedict XVI presents a pallium to Archbishop Samuel J. Aquila of Denver during a Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican June 29. (CNS photo/L’Osservatore Romano)

“Together we are all cooperators of the truth, which as we know is one and symphonic, and requires from each of us and from our communities a constant commitment to conversion to the one Lord in the grace of the one Spirit,” he told the archbishops. (“Cooperators of the truth” is the motto the Pope chose for himself when he became a bishop in 1977.)

The US archbishops reflected on the deeper meaning of the ceremony in talks with journalists.

Archbishop Chaput said because the pallium is a symbol of the relationship between the bishop and the Pope, every time he puts it on, “I pray for the people of the archdiocese of Philadelphia, and I also pray for the Holy Father and his associates as they serve the universal Church.”

The archdiocese of Philadelphia is facing a multi-million dollar debt and recent trials of priests on charges related to sex abuse, he said, so “there’s a lot of tension in our local Church, and as the archbishop I’m carrying that tension.”

Pope Benedict “actually confirmed me, in faith and also in my work as archbishop, when he placed the pallium on my shoulders today,” Archbishop Chaput said. “So it means a lot in this difficult moment in our local Church.”

Archbishop Charles J. Chaput during a Mass in St. Peter's Basilica

Pope Benedict XVI presents a pallium to Philadelphia Archbishop Charles J. Chaput during a Mass in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican June 29. (CNS photo)

Archbishop Lori, who came to Rome with nearly 100 pilgrims, said, “When we wear the woolen pallium around our neck, we are symbolizing our call and responsibility to go in search of a lost and suffering humanity and gently to lay that upon our shoulders and bring everyone as much as we can to safety and to joy, to peace, to salvation.” Read what he said to jounalists the day before.

Archbishop Aquila said the pallium ceremony “keeps very much alive the consistent teaching of the Church, the consistent reflection of the Church, with the teachings of Christ himself and of the apostles” that all Christians are called to imitate Christ the Good Shepherd.

Afterward, at a reception for the US archbishops and well-wishers, Stanton Skerjanec, a pilgrim from Denver, said he thought Archbishop Aquila would preserve the conservative values associated with his predecessor, Archbishop Chaput.

Archbishop Chaput “is one of the few outspoken bishops. He made great strides in the vocations department; in fact it was he that made me think about a vocation” to the priesthood, the 18-year-old said.

Archbishop William E. Lori of Baltimore during a Mass in St. Peter's Basilica

Pope Benedict XVI presents a pallium to Archbishop William E. Lori of Baltimore (CNS photo)

Theresa Miller, 73, of Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, said that she and other people in the archdiocese have faith that Archbishop Chaput “will straighten things out and it will all be right in the end.” She added: “It may hurt, but it’s necessary.”

Bill McCarthy, who leads Catholic Charities in Baltimore, said the pallium ceremony showed the “universality of the Church and mirrors our faith and call to service.”

He said the love he felt from the Pope reminded him that “seeing love and experiencing that love is what we do every day in serving those in need.”

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